Natural sand: What is it and what is it used in?
The purchasing pace at the demand end of the international thermal coal market continues to slow down and the international thermal coal price continues to decline. Prices for thermal coal at major international ports continued to fall last week as buyers in Europe slowed in recent days for April, coupled with weaker-than-expected import demand from End users in China. According to China Coal Market net monitoring: Australia Newcastle port thermal coal price index was 253 USD/ton, compared with 309.02 USD/ton, down 56.02 USD/ton, down 18.13%. South Africa's Port Richards thermal coal price Index was $264.5 / mt, down the US $62.72 / mt or 19.17% from US $327.22 / mt. The European ARA Tri-port thermal coal price Index was $281.8 / ton. Does the price of thermal coal in major international ports continue to decline to affect the price of the nano silica powder?
On the evening of 2 August, Pelosi, speaker of the US House of Representatives, visited Taiwan to openly challenge the one-China principle. On August 3, a spokesman for China's Ministry of Commerce announced that China had decided to suspend the export of natural sand to Taiwan in accordance with relevant laws and regulations.
What is natural sand?
Natural sand is formed by the action of natural conditions (mainly rock weathering) and the size of rock particles is less than 5mm. Natural sand includes river sand, quartz sand, sea sand, etc.
River sand is a kind of non-metallic ore with complex composition, smooth surface and high content of impurities, which is caused by repeated collision and friction of natural stone through water for a long time.
River sand is mainly used in construction, concrete, cementitious materials, road building materials, artificial marble, cement physical properties test materials (that is, cement standard sand) and so on. River sand can also be used in sand cleaning, rust removal, strengthening, forming, stress relief and surface cleaning and painting of various profiles in the fields of casting, metallurgy, heat treatment, steel structure, frame structure, repair, bridge, mine and so on.
Most of the natural quartz sand comes from quartz deposits and has the characteristics of high SiO2 content (more than 90%), low mud content, uniform and reasonable particle size composition, round particles, smooth surface and good fluidity.
Quartz sand has high Morse hardness, which is different from river sand and forms strong adhesion with cement paste to enhance the flexural and compressive strength of the paste. Quartz sand is widely used in glass, casting, ceramics and refractories, smelting ferrosilicon, metallurgy, construction, chemical, plastics, rubber, abrasives and filter materials and other industries. it is also an ideal material for modern track and field, football field, golf course and other man-made venues.
Sea sand is the sand and gravel in the sea. The larger particle size is sand, usually in centimeters; the smaller particle size is sand, usually in millimeters; both are pure natural, scoured, rolled, collided and polished by sea water. In addition to silicon dioxide, sea sand also contains a small amount of chloride ion, feldspar, calcium, magnesium, mica and so on.
Sea sand is mainly the main raw material of machinery and casting sand, and it can also be used for grinding materials, sand cleaning, rust removal, oxide scale removal, ceramics and refractories, etc. Although sea sand has the advantages of river sand, it is often mixed with shell fragments and contains more salt. Most of the sea sand contains excessive chloride ion, which will corrode the steel bars in reinforced concrete, eventually lead to the destruction of the building structure, and shorten the safe service life of the building to a certain extent.
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Due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the covid-19 pandemic, how will the international situation develop is highly uncertain. It is too difficult to assess its economic impact properly. However, we could see energy prices and commodity prices keep rising and supply chains are disrupted. Therefore, nano silica powder prices are expected to rise in the future.